Construyendo la APK

Construyela tú mismo en lugar de descargarla

AndroidAPS no está disponible como descarga debido a la regulación de los dispositivos mediales. ¡Es legal construir la aplicación para su propio uso, pero no debe dar una copia a los demás! Consulte la página FAQ para obtener detalles.

## Notas importantes

Configuración bajo demanda no está soportada por la versión actual del plugin de Gradle de Android!

Si la compilación falla con un error en la configuración personalizada, puede realizar lo siguiente:

  • Abra la ventana de Preferencias, haga clic en Archivo > Configuración (en Mac, Android Studio > Preferencias).
  • En el panel de la izquierda, pulse Compilar, Ejecución, Deployment > Compilador.
  • Desmarque la casilla de verificación Configurar bajo demanda.
  • Haga clic en Aplicar o en Aceptar.

Este artículo se divide en dos partes.

  • En la parte de descripción general hay una explicación sobre qué pasos son necesarios para crear el archivo APK.
  • En el paso paso a paso encontrará las capturas de pantalla de una instalación en concreto. Debido a que las versiones de Android Studio - el entorno de desarrollo de software que usaremos para construir el APK - cambia muy rápidamente hace que esta guía no será idéntica a su instalación, pero debería darte un buen punto de partida. Android Studio también se ejecuta en Windows, Mac OS X y Linux y es posible que haya pequeñas diferencias en algunos aspectos entre cada plataforma. Si encuentras que algo importante está mal o falta, por favor informe al grupo de facebook “usuarios AndroidAPS” o en el Gitter chats Android APS o AndroidAPSwiki para que podamos echar un vistazo a esto.

Tutorial paso a paso

Descripción detallada de los pasos necesarios para crear el archivo APK.

Instalar git (si no lo tienes ya)

Siga el manual en git página de instalación.

Instalar Android Studio

The following screenshots have been taken from Android Studio Version 3.6.1. Your screen might look a bit different if you use a newer version of Android Studio. Pero deberías ser capaz de encontrar el camino a través del proceso. Help from the community is provided.

One of the most important things when installing Android Studio: Be patient! During installation and setup Android Studio is downloading a lot of stuff which will take its time.

Install Android Studio and setup during first start.

Select “Do not import settings” as you have not used it before.

Do not import settings

Decide whether you want to share data with Google or not.

Share data with Google

On the following screen click “Next”.

Welcome screen

Select “Standard” installation and click “Next”.

Standard installation

Select the theme for the user interface you like. (In this manual we used “Light”.) Then click “Next”. This is just the color scheme. You can select any you like (i.e. “Darcula” for dark mode). This selection has no influence on building the APK.

UI color scheme

Click “Finish” on the “Verify Settings” dialog.

Verify settings

Wait while Android Studio downloads additional components and be patient. Once everything is downloaded button “Finish” turns blue. Click the button now.

Downloading components

Establecer la ruta git en las preferencias

Make sure git is installed on your computer.

On the Android Studio welcome screen click the small triangle (1. in next screenshot) and select “Settings” (2.).

Android Studio settings from welcome screen

Windows

  • Click the small triangle next to Version Control (1.) to open the sub-menu.
  • Click Git (2.).
  • Make sure update method “Merge” (3.) is selected.
  • Check if Android Studio can locate path to git.exe automatically by clicking the button “Test” (4.)

Android Studio settings

  • If automatic setting is successful git version will be displayed.
  • Click “OK” in the dialog box (1.) and “OK” in the settings window (2.).

Automatic git installation succeeded

  • In case file git.exe cannot be found click “OK” in the dialog box (1.) and then the button with the three dots (2.).
  • Use search function in windows explorer to find “git.exe” if you are unsure where it can be found. You are looking for git.exe located in \bin\ folder.
  • Select path to git.exe and make sure you selected the one in ** \bin\ ** folder (3.) and click “OK” (4.).
  • Close settings window by clicking “OK” button (5.).

Automatic git installation failed

  • Reboot your computer to update system environment.

Mac

  • Any git version should work. For example https://git-scm.com/download/mac.
  • Use homebrew to install git: $ brew install git.
  • For details on installing git see the official git documentation.
  • If you install git via homebrew there is no need to change any preferences. Solo por caso: se puedan encontrar aquí: Android Studio - Preferencias.

Download AndroidAPS code

  • If you haven’t already rebooted your computer after setting git path in preferences do it now. System environment must be updated.
  • On the Android Studio welcome screen click the small triangle right of “Check out project from version control” (1.).
  • Select “Git” (2.).

Check out project from version control from welcome screen

  • If you already opened Android Studio and do not see the welcome screen anymore select File (1.) > New (2.) > Project from Version Control... (3.) > Git (4.).

Check out project from version control within Android Studio

  • Fill in the URL to the main AndroidAPS repository (“https://github.com/MilosKozak/AndroidAPS”) (1.).
  • Choose the directory where you want to save the cloned code.
  • Click button “Test” (2.).
  • If test cannot be completed successfully check URL, correct and click “Test” again.
  • If URL is entered correctly “Connection successful” (3.) will be shown.
  • Click button “Clone” (4.).

Clone repository

  • Do not click “Background” while repository is cloned!

Clone repository - no background action

  • After repository is cloned successfully open your local copy by clicking “Yes”.

Open repository

  • In the lower right corner you will see the information that Android Studio is running background tasks.

Background tasks

  • Grant access if your firewall is asking for permission.

Firewall permission java

  • Once the background tasks are finished you will probably see the following error message:

SDK licence

Download Android SDK

  • Click File > Settings.

Open settings

  • Click the small triangle next to Appearance & Behaviour (1.).
  • Click the small triangle next to System Settings (2.) and select Android SDK (3.)
  • Check the box left of “Android 9.0 (Pie)” (4.) (API Level 28).

SDK settings

  • Confirm changes by clicking OK.

Confirm SDK changes

  • Accept licence agreement (1.) and click “Next” (2.).

Accept SDK licence

  • Wait until installation is finished.

Wait during SDK installation

  • When SDK installation is completed the “Finish” button will turn blue. Click this button.

Finish SDK installation

  • Android Studio might recommend to update the gradle system. Never update gradle! This might lead to difficulties!
  • If you see an information on the lower right side of your Android Studio window that Android Gradle Plugin is ready to update click on the text “update” (1.) and in the dialog box on “Don’t remind me again for this project” (2.).

No cradle update

Generar APK firmado

Signing means that you indicate your app to be your own creation but in a digital way as a kind of digital fingerprint within the app itself. Esto es necesario porque Android tiene una regla que sólo acepta el código firmado para ejecutarse por razones de seguridad. For more information on this topic, follow this link.

  • Click “Build” in the menu bar and select “Generate Signed Bundle / APK...”.

Build apk

  • Select “APK” (1.) instead of “Android App Bundle” and click “Next” (2.).

APK instead of bundle

  • Make sure that module is set to “app” (1.).

  • Click “Create new...” (2.) to start creating your key store.

    A key store in this case is nothing more than a file in which the information for signing is stored. It is encrypted and the information is secured with passwords.

Create key store

  • Click the folder symbol (1.) to select your key store path.
  • Select the path where your key store shall be saved (2.). Do not save in same folder as project. You must use a different directory! One option might be your home folder.
  • Type a file name for your key store (3.).
  • Click “OK” (4.).
  • Passwords for key store and key do not have to be very sophisticated. Make sure to remember those or make a note in a safe place. In case you will not remember your passwords in the future you see troubleshooting for lost key store.
  • Enter (5.) and confirm (6.) the password for your key store.
  • Do the same for your key (7. + 8.).
  • Validity (9.) is 25 years by default. You do not have to change the default value.
  • First and last name must be entered (10.). All other information is optional.
  • Click “OK” (11.) when you are done.

Ruta de almacén de claves

  • Make sure the box to remember passwords is checked (1.). So you don’t have to enter them again next time you build the apk (i.e. when updating to a new AndroidAPS version).
  • Click “Next” (2.).

Remember passwords

  • Select build variant “fullRelease” (1.).
  • Check boxes V1 and V2 for signature versions (2.).
  • Click “Finish”. (3.)

Finish build

  • Android Studio will display the information “APK(s) generated successfully...” after build is finished.
  • In case build was not successful refer to the troubleshooting section.
  • Easiest way to find the apk is to click on “Event log”.

Build successfully - event log

  • In the event log section click “locate”.

Event log - locate apk

  • app-full-release.apk is the file you are looking for.

File location apk

Transferir APK a smartphone

Easiest way to transfer app-full-release.apk to your phone is via USB cable or Google Drive. Please note that transfer by mail might cause difficulties and is not the preferred way.

On your phone you have to allow installation from unknown sources. Manuals how to do this can be found on the internet (i.e. here or here).

Identify receiver if using xDrip+

See xDrip+ page

Solución de problemas

Consulte la página separada para la resolución de problemas de Android Studio.